Tạm dịch: Xác định và phân tích lỗ hổng của các vùng Đa dạng sinh học trọng điểm: Mục tiêu chung cho các Hệ thống vùng được bảo vệ.
In 2004, the majority of the world’s governments committed to expand their protected area systems to ensure the conservation of biodiversity. It is central that such conservation activities be targeted systematically and strategically. Over the last decade, the scientific conservation biology literature on systematic conservation planning has burgeoned. However, conservation practitioners have been slow to implement these ideas – and the need for them has now never been greater.
This document, Identification and Gap Analysis of Key Biodiversity Areas: Targets for Comprehensive Protected Area Systems, enables conservation practice to catch up with scientific theory. These guidelines draw on cutting-edge science as well as methods developed in a number of different organizations, and are already implemented as Important Bird Areas and Important Areas in more than 170 countries. The Key Biodiversity Areas framework provides a bottom-up approach to extend the bird and plant work to date to identify globally significant sites for biodiversity. In doing so, it utilizes numerous data sources, most importantly those compiled and analysed through the efforts of the IUCN Species Survival Commission (specifically, through the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species).
This manual provides practical guidance to national governments to slow the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. In the longer term, the value of Key Biodiversity Areas in informing conservation planning may be dwarfed by its importance in informing development planning. Given the huge weight of economic development unfolding across our planet, I suspect that Key Biodiversity Areas will provide essential “watch lists” of sites to safeguard. Moreover, the bottom-up nature of the Key Biodiversity Areas framework means that it empowers civil society to engage in conservation for the benefit of both local and global communities. Thus while governments and industries must be intimately involved in the conservation of Key Biodiversity Areas, their future will ultimately be determined by the emergence and engagement of local groups.
Clearly, this manual does not represent an endpoint. I am sure that the process and standards for identifying Key Biodiversity Areas will evolve over time, with input from the Species Survival Commission, the World Commission on Protected Areas, and numerous other stakeholders. However, coming as it does at a critical juncture in the implementation of national conservation strategies worldwide, it will surely provide indispensable guidance in identifying those sites which must be protected to ensure the future of both biodiversity and humanity.
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